EdgeRouter - Beginners Guide to EdgeRouter


Overview


Readers will learn how to connect to and setup an EdgeRouter for the first time. There are many different environments where specific adjustments may need to be made. This article demonstrates a common setup scenario, but it is not necessary applicable in every network environment.

NOTES & REQUIREMENTS:
Setup wizards were added to the User Interface starting from the EdgeOS v1.4.0 firmware. It is highly recommend to upgrade to the most recent firmware release before following this guide.
 
This article is applicable to all EdgeRouter models and was written using the latest stable firmware release. 

Table of Contents


  1. Establishing Initial Connectivity
  2. Running the Basic Setup Wizard
  3. Related Articles

Establishing Initial Connectivity


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1. Connect an Ethernet cable from a computer to the eth0 interface on the EdgeRouter.

2. Configure a static IP address on your computer in the 192.168.1.0/24 range (for example 192.168.1.11).


   Windows Client


Navigate to the Windows 10 Network connections.

Settings > Network & Internet > Status > Change Adapter Options

Modify the IPv4 settings of the Ethernet adapter.

Ethernet Adapter properties > Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) > Properties

Select to manually enter an IP address and add the following information:

IP address: 192.168.1.11
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Default gateway: <blank>
DNS servers: <blank>

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applelogo.png   macOS Client


Navigate to the macOS Network connections.

System Preferences > Networks > Ethernet Adapter

Select to manually enter an IP address and add the following information:

IP Address: 192.168.1.11
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Router: <blank>
DNS server: <blank>

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ATTENTION: If a wireless adapter is enabled and connected to another network it could conflict with the connection to the EdgeRouter. Disable the wireless adapter if necessary.

3. Open a Web Browser and enter https://192.168.1.1 in the address bar.

4. Log into the router using the default credentials.

Username: ubnt
Password: ubnt

5. Confirm that the device is running the latest firmware from our Downloads page. Make sure to upgrade it before continuing on to the next section.

NOTE: There is more information about how to upgrade the EdgeRouter in the Upgrading EdgeOS Firmware article.

Running the Basic Setup Wizard


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The Basic Setup wizard which will accomplish all the necessary tasks to allow your router to connect to the Internet, including enabling the default firewall, setting up a Local Area Network and adding a DHCP Server. Each item is explained in more detail below. 

1. Navigate to the Wizards tab and run the wizard.

Wizards > Basic Setup

2. Choose the interface that will connect to the ISP define the other router settings. 

The available internet connection types are:

  • DHCPThe most common scenario. Use this option if your ISP is distributing IP addresses via DHCP.
  • Static IPUse this option if your ISP provided you with a static public IP address.
  • PPPoEUse this option if your ISP authenticates your internet connection using PPPoE.
NOTE: It is recommended to configure the ISP supplied modem/router in 'bridge mode'. This setting will forward the public IP from the ISP modem/router to the EdgeRouter.
 
Having a public IP assigned to the EdgeRouter will open up additional features, while also negating the performance drop caused by a double NAT scenario.

The other available options are:

  • VLANIt is becoming more common for ISPs to provide FTTH (Fiber to the Home) and require that the Internet be distributed using a VLAN to separate Internet from IPTV and Voice services. Use this option to tag the Internet connection with a VLAN ID.
  • FirewallEnabled by default. See this article for more information on the default firewall policies that are added to the EdgeRouter.
  • DHCPv6If your ISP supports IPv6 using DHCPv6-PD, you will need to assign the supplied Prefix length given from the ISP, enable the default IPv6 firewall, and define the LAN interfaces that will need IPv6 connectivity.
  • LAN IP AddressSet to 192.168.1.1/24 by default. Change if necessary.
  • DHCP ServerEnabled by default.
  • UsernameSet to ubnt by default. We strongly recommend that you configure your own user account with a strong password.
NOTE: When configuring a router with a built-in switch (such as the ER-X or ER-X-SFP), the LAN will be set to the switch0 interface. In this case, all ports assigned to the switch will share the same LAN.

3. Apply the changes and reboot the router when prompted.

4. Unplug and reconnect the interfaces so that eth0 is connected to the ISP and the other ports are connected to your LAN. 

ATTENTION: If you left DHCP enabled/checked in the wizard, you can now change your computer's Ethernet connection back to DHCP. 

Related Articles


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Intro to Networking - How to Establish a Connection Using SSH

EdgeRouter - How to Access the EdgeRouter

EdgeRouter - How to Create a WAN Firewall Rule

EdgeRouter - Hardware Offloading

EdgeRouter - Upgrading EdgeOS Firmware


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